My research interests are in animal behavior, sensory systems, and biomechanics. One particular interest is locomotion. I have done behavioral studies on the locomotion of terrestrial gastropods, flatfishes, and marine worms. My research seeks to answer fundamental questions in animal behavior such as, "What senses contribute to fish being able to school?" and "Do worms have different gaits when they burrow?".
doctoral thesis defense
You can view my PhD thesis defense, done via zoom during the 2020 Covid pandemic, on YouTube! In this defense, I discuss my work on the sensory systems used by zebrafish to detect approaching predators and by rummynose tetra to facilitate schooling.
Rummynose tetra (Hemmigrammus rhodostomus). Photo credit: Shaun Hughes.
Escape Response in Zebrafish
McHenry Lab, UCI
During my PhD I examined the escape response in zebrafish. I examined how zebrafish use their sensory systems to detect visual looming stimuli or impulse flow stimuli. I mentored an undergraduate, Naomi Carrillo, who helped with the collection of data for parts of this project. Some of this research was published in the journal Integrative Organismal Biology.
Burial in Flatfish
Summers Lab, Friday Harbor Laboratories
In this project I examined the burial behavior of different species of flatfish in the Pacific Northwest. I used high speed video and physical models to explain aspects of flatfish burial. The high speed video to the right is an example of a flatfish burying. This research has been published in the journal Zoology.
Crepidula onyx larva with ten 20μm plastic beads in its gut.
Terrestrial Gastropod Locomotion
Pernet Lab, CSU Long Beach
In this project, I examined an alternative form of gastropod locomotion called "loping". In this form of locomotion, the snail lifts up its head, protrudes it forward, and places it back down on the substrate leaving a gap underneath its body. The snail then crawls over this gap, never touching the substrate beneath it. A snail may have many of these gaps under its body at a time which leaves a dotted mucus trail as seen in the figure to the right. My research determined that terrestrial gastropods may use loping as a way to conserve mucus while on absorbent substrates. This research was published in Biological Bulletin.
Burrowing in Marine Worms
Dorgan Lab, DISL
I am currently in a postdoctoral position in Kelly Dorgan's lab at Dauphin Island Sea Lab. I am currently investigating gait change at sediment clines in marine worms and collaborating on measuring flow around barnacle enclosures. I will also be investigating the energetic cost of burrowing in different sediment types and collaborating on behavioral studies in worms.
Schooling in Rummynose Tetra
McHenry Lab, UCI
I studied the role of vision and flow sensing in schooling in rummynose tetra. I manipulated the ambient illuminance schools of tetra were exposed to and manipulated their flow sensing capabilities by temporarily compromising their lateral line with neomycin sulfate. I found that vision is necessary and sufficient for schooling in this species. Flow sensing contributes to attraction during schooling. I mentored an undergraduate nursing student, Phoebe Chen, who helped with data collection and is a coauthor on this project. The results of this project are published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
Lepidopsetta bilineata (rock sole) burying, filmed at 250 frames per second.
Feeding Behaviors in Larval Marine Invertebrates
Pernet Lab, CSU Long Beach
In this project, I examined the abilities of different larval marine invertebrates to feed on different sized particles. I raised larva from the same brood and let them eat plastic beads of different sizes (from 0.45μm to 30μm in diameter) for ten minutes. I then counted how many beads they had eaten. This experiment was repeated at three ages of larva. I tested Crepidula onyx (a snail) larvae and Mytilus galloprovincialis (mussel) larvae. Other larval species were examined by other researchers in the lab.
The Effect of Inbreeding on Mate Choice in Drosophila
Carter Lab, CSU Long Beach
In this project, I examined how low levels of inbreeding (one generation of sibling matings) that may be found in nature, effect female mate choice in two species of the fruit fly Drosophila. I compared the mate choices of inbred and outbred females which were presented with outbred and inbred males. I found that outbred females had a slight preference for outbred males, but that inbred females showed no preference at all. This suggests that inbred females may not be able to discriminate between inbred and outbred males. This research was published in the Journal of Insect Behavior.
A.) Cornu aspersa adhesive crawling. B.) C. aspersa loping. C.) Dotted trail left behind a loping snail. (from McKee et. al. 2013).